The facade of the building is one of the most important points that are considered when designing and constructing it. Luxurious buildings with impressive stone facades are among the most beautiful facades of the city that dazzle the eyes of every viewer. Among them,Travertine is the best choice for these buildings due to its variety of colors and extraordinary pattern. BUT to know more about this beautiful gift of nature to our homes, join this article.
Travertine is a decorative stone that falls into the category of porous limestone. These rocks are actually left over from the sediments of hot springs, and the cavities on the rocks are caused by gases trapped in the same hot springs.
The variety of colors and patterns on the travertine stones make them an ideal and wide choice for designing the facades of buildings, walls and floors of swimming pools, floors and paving stones. While the amount of porosity and quality of the stones is very diverse, it has left the hands of those interested free to choose.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Travertine?
lthough this khara stone was known as one of the most luxurious and expensive decorative stones until a few years ago, but recently, due to the increase in supply in the market and the significant decrease in price and high variety, it has found a wider position among homes and families and even as an alternative. It is used for paving the floor of the yard, wall covering and flooring of ceremonial halls and pools, and even as a staircase, etc.
Especially since travertine is the best choice for environments with hot climates and its reasonable price for its long life, attracts every buyer.
What is travertine? It can be said that it is in fact a stone between marble and lime that is found in abundance near hot springs and especially limestone caves.
The large cavities in the texture of this rock, as mentioned, are caused by gases trapped in hot water and make the surface of the rock, not polished and slippery, and a good choice for the floor of places that experience high humidity.
This is exactly the reason why travertine is used in pool floors. At the same time, these pores, in addition to being functional, have added extra beauty to the stone.
The texture of travertine is such that its outer surface remains cool despite the high temperature of the environment and for this reason it is the best choice for the floor and walls of swimming pools.
At the same time, its special and rough texture makes the use of these stones in the facades of buildings or paving of outdoor spaces give a special antiquity and originality to the environment.
What is the chemistry of Travertine?
As mentioned, travertine rocks are the result of the activity of hot springs. Hot water passes through the layers of carbonate and limestone rocks and during its movement, due to its acidic nature, dissolves the calcium carbonate in these rocks and transports them to the earth in the form of carbonate and bicarbonate solutions.
At the surface, pressure drop, temperature drop, carbon dioxide release and evaporation cause the production of calcite crystals. Crystals that accumulate in layers and form travertine rocks.
What is leather Travertine?
Although travertine stones are of natural origin, identifying, extracting, processing, and preparing them for use in buildings naturally requires a number of tasks. The first task is to cut these stones, which can be done in two ways:
- Cutting perpendicular to the lamination (Veincut)
- Crosscut parallel cutting
After this stage, the most important stage is finishing or polishing the stone in stone cutting. The final finish of the surface of travertine stones can determine its final appearance. Polished and smooth or polished travertine stones, rough travertine stones and antique or leather travertine stones are the result of some measures in this stage.
As the name implies, grinding and polishing the stone increases the gloss and smoothness of its surface. However, in some types of travertine stones, which are called leather travertine stones, in addition to removing this step, they also use acid to open the pores of the stone surface and use some wire brushes to smooth the work surface so that Lose its luster completely.
These kind of marble stones are great for pool and hall floors as they are no longer slippery and can be the choice of many designers and people due to their antique and old appearance.
The leather process is performed on many other types of stones, but the softness of travertine stones has made this method more popular with this beautiful decorative stone.
Radsam stone company is a leading supplier of Travertine stones in different quality and colores.here you can see our products too :
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